The creative industries are an economic sector which deals with the creation, production, distribution and/or media distribution of cultural/creative goods and services. In some instances, the term cultural and creative industries is also used.
- Kreativwirtschaftsbericht für Hamburg
- Kreativwirtschaftsförderer in Deutschland
- Kreativwirtschaftsförderer in Europa
- Teilmärkte der Kreativwirtschaft
In 2009, the Conference of Economics Ministers (WMK) defined the concept of the cultural and creative industries as follows:
“The cultural and creative industries include those cultural and creative enterprises which are predominantly commercially orientated and are concerned with the creation, production, distribution and/or media distribution of cultural/creative goods and services. The unifying core of any cultural and creative-economic activity is the creative act of artistic, literary, cultural, musical, architectural or creative content, works, products, productions or services. This includes all creative acts, no matter whether in the form of an analogue unique piece, live performance and/or serial or digital production or service. Creative acts may be protected by copyright (patent, copyright, trademark and designer rights) in a comprehensive sense".
This German definition is compatible to both the European core definition of the EU Commission (LEG Task Force Cultural Employment3) and the worldwide reference model, the concept of British creative industries.
According to this definition, the creative industries comprise eleven submarkets:
- Fine arts